ଇଟର୍ବିଅମ

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
ସିଧାସଳଖ ଯିବେ ଦିଗବାରେଣିକୁ, ଖୋଜିବେ
yttrium ସହ ଦ୍ଵନ୍ଦରେ ପଡ଼ିବେ ନାହିଁ ।
Ytterbium,  70Yb
Ytterbium-3.jpg
ସାଧାରଣ ଗୁଣ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକ ytterbium, Yb
Appearance silvery white
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /ɪˈtɜrbiəm/ i-tur-bee-əm
Ytterbium in the periodic table
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
-

Yb

No
thuliumytterbiumlutetium
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ (Z) 70
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ବ୍ଳକ group n/a, f-block
ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ period 6
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର   lanthanide
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ (Ar) 173.054(5)
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ [Xe] 4f14 6s2
per shell
2, 8, 18, 32, 8, 2
ଭୌତିକ ଗୁଣ
ଅବସ୍ଥା solid
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ 1097 K ​(824 °C, ​1515 °F)
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ 1469 K ​(1196 °C, ​2185 °F)
Density near r.t. 6.90 g/cm3
when liquid, at m.p. 6.21 g/cm3
Heat of fusion 7.66 kJ/mol
Heat of 159 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity 26.74 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 736 813 910 1047 (1266) (1465)
Atomic properties
Oxidation states

3, 2, 1

(basic oxide)
Electronegativity Pauling scale: ? 1.1
Atomic radius empirical: 176 pm
Covalent radius 187±8 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structure face-centered cubic (fcc)
Face-centered cubic crystal structure for ytterbium
Speed of sound thin rod 1590 m/s (at 20 °C)
Thermal expansion (r.t.) (β, poly) 26.3 µm/(m·K)
Thermal conductivity 38.5 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity (r.t.) (β, poly) 0.250 µ Ω·m
Magnetic ordering paramagnetic
Young's modulus (β form) 23.9 GPa
Shear modulus (β form) 9.9 GPa
Bulk modulus (β form) 30.5 GPa
Poisson ratio (β form) 0.207
Vickers hardness 206 MPa
Brinell hardness 343 MPa
CAS Number 7440-64-4
ଇତିହାସ
ଆବିଷ୍କାର Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac (1878)
First isolation Georges Urbain (1907)
Most stable isotopes of ytterbium
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
166Yb syn 56.7 h ε 0.304 166Tm
168Yb 0.13% >1.3×1014 y α 1.9508 164Er
β+β+ 1.4221 168Er
169Yb syn 32.026 d ε 0.909 169Tm
170Yb 3.04% 170Yb is stable with 100 neutrons
171Yb 14.28% 171Yb is stable with 101 neutrons
172Yb 21.83% 172Yb is stable with 102 neutrons
173Yb 16.13% 173Yb is stable with 103 neutrons
174Yb 31.83% 174Yb is stable with 104 neutrons
175Yb syn 4.185 d β 0.470 175Lu
176Yb 12.76% >1.6×1017 y α 0.570 172Er
ββ 1.083 176Hf
177Yb syn 1.911 h β 1.399 177Lu
| references

ଇଟର୍ବିଅମ ହେଉଛି ଏକ ରାସାୟନିକ ମୌଳିକ ଯାହାର ପ୍ରତୀକ Ybପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ ୭୦ ଅଟେ ।

ଧର୍ମ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଭୌତିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ରସାୟନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସମସ୍ଥାନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉପସ୍ଥିତି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଗଠନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉତ୍ପାଦନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବ୍ୟବହାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆହୁରି ଦେଖନ୍ତୁ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆହୁରି ପଢନ୍ତୁ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • Guide to the Elements – Revised Edition, Albert Stwertka, (Oxford University Press; 1998) ISBN 0-19-508083-1

ବାହାର ଲିଙ୍କ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]