ଆଣ୍ଟିମୋନି

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
ସିଧାସଳଖ ଯିବେ ଦିଗବାରେଣିକୁ, ଖୋଜିବେ
Antimony,  51Sb
Antimony-4.jpg
ସାଧାରଣ ଗୁଣ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକ antimony, Sb
Appearance silvery lustrous gray
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ UK /ˈæntɪməni/ an-ti-mə-nee;
US /ˈæntɪmni/ an-ti-moh-nee
Antimony in the periodic table
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
As

Sb

Bi
tinantimonytellurium
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ (Z) 51
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ବ୍ଳକ group 15 (pnictogens), p-block
ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ period 5
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର   metalloid
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ (±) (Ar) 121.760(1)
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3
per shell
2, 8, 18, 18, 5
ଭୌତିକ ଗୁଣ
ଅବସ୍ଥା solid
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ 903.78 K ​(630.63 °C, ​1167.13 °F)
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ 1860 K ​(1587 °C, ​2889 °F)
Density near r.t. 6.697 g/cm3
when liquid, at m.p. 6.53 g/cm3
Heat of fusion 19.79 kJ/mol
Heat of 193.43 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity 25.23 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 807 876 1011 1219 1491 1858
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 5, 3, -3
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 2.05
energies
(more)
Atomic radius empirical: 140 pm
Covalent radius 139±5 pm
Van der Waals radius 206 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structure trigonal
Simple trigonal crystal structure for antimony
Speed of sound thin rod 3420 m/s (at 20 °C)
Thermal expansion 11 µm/(m·K) (at 25 °C)
Thermal conductivity 24.4 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity 417 n Ω·m (at 20 °C)
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic[୧]
Young's modulus 55 GPa
Shear modulus 20 GPa
Bulk modulus 42 GPa
Mohs hardness 3.0
Brinell hardness 294 MPa
CAS Number 7440-36-0
ଇତିହାସ
ଆବିଷ୍କାର 3000 BC
First isolation Vannoccio Biringuccio (1540)
Most stable isotopes of antimony
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
121Sb 57.36% 121Sb is stable with 70 neutrons
123Sb 42.64% 123Sb is stable with 72 neutrons
125Sb syn 2.7582 y β 0.767 125Te
| references

ଆଣ୍ଟିମୋନି ହେଉଛି ଏକ ରାସାୟନିକ ମୌଳିକ ଯାହାର ପ୍ରତୀକ Sb (ଲାଟିନ: stibium; ଷ୍ଟିବିଅମ୍) ଓ ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ ୫୧ ଅଟେ ।

ଧର୍ମ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସମସ୍ଥାନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉପସ୍ଥିତି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଯୌଗିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଇତିହାସ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ନାମକରଣ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉତ୍ପାଦନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବ୍ୟବହାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 81st edition, CRC press.

ବାହାର ଲିଙ୍କ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

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