ଶ୍ରେଣୀ (ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ ସାରଣୀ)

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
The periodic table of the chemical elements. The columns represent the groups

ରସାୟନ ବିଜ୍ଞାନରେ, ଗ୍ରୁପ କହିଲେ ରାସାୟନିକ ମୌଳିକମାନଙ୍କର ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ ସାରଣୀରେ ଥିବା ସ୍ତମ୍ବକୁ ବୁଝାଏ । ଏକ ମାନକ ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ ସରଣୀରେ ୧୮ ଗ୍ରୁପ ଥାଏ (ଏଫ-ବ୍ଲକ କୁ ବାଦ ଦେଲେ) ।

ପୁରୁଣା ନାମକରଣ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଗ୍ରୁପରେ ଥିବା ମୌଳିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

The periodic table groups are as follows:[୧][୨]

Groups in the periodic table
Group number 1 2 3b 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
CAS (US) IA IIA IIIB IVB VB VIB VIIB VIIIB VIIIB VIIIB IB IIB IIIA IVA VA VIA VIIA VIIIA
old IUPAC (European) IA IIA IIIA IVA VA VIA VIIA VIII VIII VIII IB IIB IIIB IVB VB VIB VIIB Group 0
Trivial name Alkali metals Alkaline earth metals Coin­age metalsc Vola­tile metalsc Icosa­gensc Crys­tallo­gensc Pnicto­gens Chal­co­gens Halo­gens Noble gases
Name by element Lith­ium group Beryl­lium group Scan­dium group Titan­ium group Vana­dium group Chro­mium group Man­ga­nese group Iron group Co­balt group Nickel group Cop­per group Zinc group Boron group Car­bon group Nitro­gen group Oxy­gen group Fluor­ine group Helium or Neon group
Period 1
Ha

He
Period 2
Li

Be

B

C

N

O

F

Ne
Period 3
Na

Mg

Al

Si

P

S

Cl

Ar
Period 4
K

Ca

Sc

Ti

V

Cr

Mn

Fe

Co

Ni

Cu

Zn

Ga

Ge

As

Se

Br

Kr
Period 5
Rb

Sr
f-blockb
Y

Zr

Nb

Mo

Tc

Ru

Rh

Pd

Ag

Cd

In

Sn

Sb

Te

I

Xe
Period 6
Cs

Ba
lanthanides
Lub

Hf

Ta

W

Re

Os

Ir

Pt

Au

Hg

Tl

Pb

Bi

Po

At

Rn
Period 7
Fr

Ra
actinides
Lrb

Rf

Db

Sg

Bh

Hs

Mt

Ds

Rg

Cn

Uut

Fl

Uup

Lv

Uus

Uuo
a Hydrogen (H), while placed in column 1, is not considered to be an alkali metal.
b Group 3: depending on the source: Lutetium (Lu) and Lawrencium (Lr) may be included; the f-block (with 14 lanthanides and 14 actinides) may be included.
c This group name is not recommended by IUPAC.
Large version
New IUPAC numbering CAS (American) Old IUPAC (European) Name by element Specific name note
Group 1 IA IA lithium family alkali metals Hydrogen is in this column, but not considered to be an alkali metal
Group 2 IIA IIA beryllium family alkaline earth metals
Group 3 IIIB IIIA scandium family Consisting of rare earth elements plus actinides
Group 4 IVB IVA titanium family
Group 5 VB VA vanadium family
Group 6 VIB VIA chromium family
Group 7 VIIB VIIA manganese family
Group 8 VIIIB VIII iron family
Group 9 VIIIB VIII cobalt family
Group 10 VIIIB VIII nickel family
Group 11 IB IB copper family coinage metals The name coinage metals is not IUPAC-recommended
Group 12 IIB IIB zinc family
Group 13 IIIA IIIB boron family triels triels from Greek tri (three, III)
Group 14 IVA IVB carbon family tetrels tetrels from Greek tetra (four, IV)
Group 15 VA VB nitrogen family pnictogens
Group 16 VIA VIB oxygen family chalcogens
Group 17 VIIA VIIB fluorine family halogens
Group 18 VIIIA Group 0 helium family or neon family noble gases

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଅଧିକ ପଢନ୍ତୁ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • Scerri, E. R. (2007). The periodic table, its story and its significance. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-530573-9.