ଜେ. ବି. ଏସ. ହାଲଡେନ

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
ଜେ. ବି. ଏସ୍. ହାଲ୍‌ଡ଼େନ
ଜେ. ବି. ଏସ୍. ହାଲ୍‌ଡ଼େନ
ଜନ୍ମ ୫ ନଭେମ୍ବର ୧୮୯୨(1892-11-05)
ଅକ୍ସଫୋର୍ଡ, ଇଂଲଣ୍ଡ
ମୃତ୍ୟୁ ୧ ଡିସେମ୍ବର, ୧୯୬୪ (୭୨ ବର୍ଷ)
ଭୁବନେଶ୍ୱର
ବାସସ୍ଥାନ ଯୁକ୍ତରାଜ୍ୟ
ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର
ଭାରତ
ଜାତୀୟତା British (until 1961)
Indian
କ୍ଷେତ୍ର ଜୀବବିଜ୍ଞାନୀ
ସଂସ୍ଥାନ କ୍ୟାମ୍ବ୍ରିଜ ବିଶ୍ୱବିଦ୍ୟାଳୟ
କାଲିଫୋର୍ନିଆ ବିଶ୍ୱବିଦ୍ୟାଳୟ
University College London
ଭାରତୀୟ ପରିସଂଖ୍ୟାନ ପ୍ରତିଷ୍ଠାନ
ମାତୃ ସଂସ୍ଥାନ ଅକ୍ସଫୋର୍ଡ ବିଶ୍ୱବିଦ୍ୟାଳୟ
ପାଠକୀୟ ଉପଦେଷ୍ଟା Frederick Gowland Hopkins
ଡକ୍ଟରୀ ଛାତ୍ର Helen Spurway
Krishna Dronamraju
ଜଣାଶୁଣା Population genetics
Enzymology
ଉଲ୍ଲେଖନୀୟ ପୁରସ୍କାର Darwin Medal (୧୯୫୨)
Linnean Society of London's Darwin–Wallace Medal (୧୯୫୮).

ଜନ୍ ବର୍ଡନ୍ ସାଣ୍ଡର୍ସନ୍ ହାଲ୍‌ଡେନ୍ (ଇଂରାଜୀ: John Burdon Sanderson Haldane), 'ଜ୍ୟାକ୍' ଭାବେ ଜଣାଶୁଣା, (କିନ୍ତୁ ନିଜ ବହିରେ ସେ 'ଜେ.ବି.ଏସ୍.' ଭାବେ ଜଣାଶୁଣା) ଜଣେ ଇଂରେଜ-ବଂଶୋଦ୍ଭବ ଜିନୀୟ ବିଜ୍ଞାନୀ, ଲେଖକ, ବିବର୍ତ୍ତନବାଦୀ ଥିଲେ । ସେ ନିଓ-ଡାର୍‌ୱିନିଜମ୍‌ର ଗଠନରେ ମୁଖ୍ୟ ଭୂମିକା ଗ୍ରହଣ କରିଥିଲେ । ସେ ସୁଏଜ କେନେଲ ବିବାଦକୁ ନେଇ ଥିବା ବ୍ରିଟେନର ଭୂମିକାକୁ ବିରୋଧକରି ବ୍ରିଟେନ ଛାଡି ଭାରତ ଚାଲିଆସିଲେ ଓ ଭାରତୀୟ ନାଗରିକତ୍ଵ ଗ୍ରହଣ କରିନେଲେ ।

ଜୀବନୀ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବିତ୍ତଶାଳୀ ପରିବାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଜୀବ-ବୈଜ୍ଞାନିକ ଜୀବନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବିବାହ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଭରତ ଆଗମନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

୧୯୫୬ ରେ ସେ ଭରତ ଚାଲିଆସିଥିଲେ ।

ଲେଖାକୀୟ ଜୀବନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ମୃତ୍ୟୁ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ପୁରସ୍କାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

କଥା ସବୁ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Photograph of a display at the Oxford University Museum of Natural History dedicated to Haldane and his reply when asked to comment on the mind of the Creator
  • He is famous for the (possibly apocryphal) response that he gave when some theologians asked him what could be inferred about the mind of the Creator from the works of His Creation: "An inordinate fondness for beetles."[୧] This is in reference to there being over 400,000 known species of beetles in the world, and that this represents 40% of all known insect species (at the time of the statement, it was over half of all known insect species).
  • Often quoted for saying, "My own suspicion is that the universe is not only queerer than we suppose, but queerer than we can suppose."[୨]
  • "It seems to me immensely unlikely that mind is a mere by-product of matter. For if my mental processes are determined wholly by the motions of atoms in my brain I have no reason to suppose that my beliefs are true. They may be sound chemically, but that does not make them sound logically. And hence I have no reason for supposing my brain to be composed of atoms."[୩]
  • "Teleology is like a mistress to a biologist: he cannot live without her but he's unwilling to be seen with her in public."[୪][୫]
  • "I had [gastritis] for about fifteen years until I read Lenin and other writers, who showed me what was wrong with our society and how to cure it...Since then I have needed no magnesia."[୬]
  • "Theories have four stages of acceptance. i) this is worthless nonsense; ii) this is an interesting, but perverse, point of view, iii) this is true, but quite unimportant; iv) I always said so."[୭]
  • "Three hundred and ten species in all of India, representing two hundred and thirty-eight genera, sixty-two families, nineteen different orders. All of them on the Ark. And this is only India, and only the birds!"[୮]

ଲେଖା ସବୁ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • Daedalus; or, Science and the Future (1924), E. P. Dutton and Company, Inc., a paper read to the Heretics, Cambridge, on February 4, 1923
    • second edition (1928), London: Kegan Paul, Trench & Co.
    • see also Haldane's Daedalus Revisited (1995), ed. with an introd. by Krishna R. Dronamraju, Foreword by Joshua Lederberg; with essays by M.F. Perutz, Freeman Dyson, Yaron Ezrahi, Ernst Mayr,Elof Axel Carlson, D.J. Weatherall, N.A. Mitchison and the editor. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-854846-X
  • A Mathematical Theory of Natural and Artificial Selection, a series of papers beginning in 1924
  • G.E. Briggs and J.B.S. Haldane (1925). A note on the kinetics of enzyme action, Biochem. J., 19: 338–339
  • Callinicus: A Defence of Chemical Warfare (1925), E. P. Dutton
  • Possible Worlds and Other Essays (1928), Harper and Brothers. 1937 edition London: Chatto & Windus. 2001 edition Transaction Publishers: ISBN 0-7658-0715-7 (includes On Being the Right Size)
  • Animal Biology (1929) Oxford: Clarendon
  • Enzymes (1930), MIT Press 1965 edition with new preface by the author written just prior to his death: ISBN 0-262-58003-9
  • The Inequality of Man, and Other Essays (1932)
  • The Causes of Evolution (1932)
  • Science and Human Life (1933), Harper and Brothers, Ayer Co. reprint: ISBN 0-8369-2161-5
  • Science and the Supernatural: Correspondence with Arnold Lunn (1935), Sheed & Ward, Inc,
  • Fact and Faith (1934), Watts Thinker's Library[୯]
  • "A Contribution to the Theory of Price Fluctuations", The Review of Economic Studies , 1:3, 186-195 (1934).
  • My Friend Mr Leakey (1937), Vigyan Prasar 2001 reprint: ISBN 81-7480-029-8
  • Air Raid Precautions (A.R.P.) (1938), Victor Gollancz
  • Marxist Philosophy and the Sciences (1939), Random House, Ayer Co. reprint: ISBN 0-8369-1137-7
  • Science and Everyday Life (1940), Macmillan, 1941 Penguin, Ayer Co. 1975 reprint: ISBN 0-405-06595-7
  • Science in Peace and War (1941), Lawrence & Wishart Ltd
  • New Paths in Genetics (1941), George Allen & Unwin
  • Heredity & Politics (1943), George Allen & Unwin
  • Why Professional Workers should be Communists (1945), London: Communist Party (of Great Britain) In this four page pamphlet, Haldane contends that Communism should appeal to professionals because Marxism is based on the scientific method and Communists hold scientists as important; Haldane subsequently disavowed this position
  • Adventures of a Biologist (1947)
  • Science Advances (1947), Macmillan
  • What is Life? (1947), Boni and Gaer, 1949 edition: Lindsay Drummond
  • Everything Has a History (1951), Allen & Unwin—Includes "Auld Hornie, F.R.S."; C.S. Lewis's "Reply to Professor Haldane" is available in "On Stories and Other Essays on Literature," ed. Walter Hooper (1982), ISBN 0-15-602768-2.
  • "The Origins of Life", New Biology, 16, 12–27 (1954). Suggests that an alternative biochemistry could be based on liquid ammonia.
  • "Origin of Man", Nature, 176, 169 (1955)
  • "Cancer's a Funny Thing", New Statesman, 21 February 1964

ଅଧିକ ଦେଖନ୍ତୁ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଜୀବନୀ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • Bill Bryson (2003) A Short History of Nearly Everything pp. 300–302; ISBN 0-552-99704-8
  • Ronald W. Clark (1968) JBS: The Life and Work of J.B.S. Haldane ISBN 0-340-04444-6
  • Dronamraju, K. R. (editor) (1968) Haldane and Modern Biology Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland.
  • Dronamraju, K. R. (1985) Haldane. The life and work of J B S Haldane with special reference to India. Aberdeen University Press. Foreword by Naomi Mitchison.
  • Geoffrey Zubay et al., Biochemistry (2nd ed., 1988), enzyme kinetics, pp. 266–272; MacMillan, New York ISBN 0-02-432080-3

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. Hutchinson, G. Evelyn (1959). "Homage to Santa Rosalia or Why Are There So Many Kinds of Animals?". The American Naturalist 93 (870): 145–159. doi:10.1086/282070. http://jstor.org/stable/2458768. 
  2. Haldane, J.B.S., Possible Worlds: And Other Essays [1927], Chatto and Windus: London, 1932, reprint, p.286. Emphasis in the original.
  3. Haldane, J.B.S., Possible Worlds: And Other Essays [1927], Chatto and Windus: London, 1932, reprint, p.209.
  4. Hull, D., Philosophy of Biological Science, Foundations of Philosophy Series, Prentice–Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N. J., 1973.
  5. Mayr, Ernst (1974) Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Volume XIV, pages 91–117.
  6. Time magazine, June 24, 1940 http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,,00.html
  7. Haldane, J.B.S., Journal of Genetics Vol. 58, page 464 (1963)
  8. Gary Botting, preface to The Orwellian World of Jehovah's Witnesses, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1984 p. xvi
  9. Fact and faith, [WorldCat.org]

ବାହାର ଲିଙ୍କ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]