ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Infobox chlorine

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ

| colspan=2 style="text-align: center" | Main article: Isotopes of chlorine

Chlorine
17Cl
F

Cl

Br
sulfurchlorineargon
ଭୌତିକ ରୁପ
pale yellow-green gas
ସାଧାରଣ ଧର୍ମ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକ,
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ
chlorine, Cl,
17
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /ˈklɔərn/ klohr-een
or /ˈklɔərɪn/ klohr-ən
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର halogen
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ, ବ୍ଲକ୍ 17 (halogens), 3, p
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ 35.45(1)
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ [Ne] 3s2 3p5
2, 8, 7
Electron shells of chlorine (2, 8, 7)
ଇତିହାସ
ଆବିଷ୍କାର Carl Wilhelm Scheele (1774)
First isolation Carl Wilhelm Scheele (1774)
Recognized as an element by Humphry Davy (1808)
ଭୌତିକ ଧର୍ମ
ଅବସ୍ଥା gas
ଘନତା (0 °C, 101.325 kPa)
3.2 g/L
Liquid density at b.p. 1.5625[୧] g·cm−3
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ 171.6 K, -101.5 °C, -150.7 °F
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ 239.11 K, -34.04 °C, -29.27 °F
କ୍ରିଟିକାଲ୍ ପଏଣ୍ଟ 416.9 K, 7.991 MPa
Heat of fusion (Cl2) 6.406 kJ·mol−1
Heat of vaporization (Cl2) 20.41 kJ·mol−1
Molar heat capacity (Cl2)
33.949 J·mol−1·K−1
Vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 128 139 153 170 197 239
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, -1
(strongly acidic oxide)
Electronegativity 3.16 (Pauling scale)
Ionization energies
(more)
1st: 1251.2 kJ·mol−1
2nd: 2298 kJ·mol−1
3rd: 3822 kJ·mol−1
Covalent radius 102±4 pm
Van der Waals radius 175 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structure orthorhombic
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic[୨]
Electrical resistivity (20 °C) > 10 Ω·m
Thermal conductivity 8.9 × 10−୩  W·m−1·K−1
Speed of sound (gas, 0 °C) 206 m·s−1
CAS registry number 7782-50-5
Most stable isotopes
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
35Cl 75.77% 35Cl is stable with 18 neutrons
36Cl trace 3.01×105 y β 0.709 36Ar
ε - 36S
37Cl 24.23% 37Cl is stable with 20 neutrons
· r

References

These references will appear in the article, but this list appears only on this page.
  1. Chlorine, Gas Encyclopaedia, Air Liquide
  2. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Lide, D. R., ed. (2005). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (86th ed.). Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0486-5.