କ୍ଷାରୀୟ ଧାତୁ

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ


Alkali metals
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
IUPAC group number 1
Name by element lithium group
Trivial name alkali metals
CAS group number (US) IA
old IUPAC number (European) IA

↓ Period
2
Image: Lithium metal stored under paraffin
Lithium (Li)
3
3
Image: Sodium metal
Sodium (Na)
11
4
Image: Potassium metal
Potassium (K)
19
5
Image: Rubidium metal in a glass ampoule
Rubidium (Rb)
37
6
Image: Caesium metal in a glass ampoule
Caesium (Cs)
55
7 Francium (Fr)
87

Legend
primordial
element by radioactive decay
Atomic number color:
black=solid

କ୍ଷାରୀୟ ଧାତୁ ଗୁଡ଼ିକ (ଇଂରାଜୀ: alkali metals; ଆଲ୍‌କାଲି ମେଟାଲ୍‌ସ୍) ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ ସାରଣୀରେ ଥିବା ଏକ ଶ୍ରେଣୀ ଅଟେ । ଏହି ଶ୍ରେଣୀରେ ଥିବା ମୌଳିକଗୁଡ଼ିକ ହେଲା: ଲିଥିଅମ୍ (Li), ସୋଡିଅମ୍ (Na),[note ୧] ପୋଟାସିଅମ୍ (K),[note ୨] ରୁବିଡିଅମ୍ (Rb), ସିଜିଅମ୍ (Cs),[note ୩] and ଫ୍ରନ୍‌ସିଅମ୍ (Fr) ।[୪] ଏହି ଶ୍ରେଣୀଟି ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ ସାରଣୀରେ ଏସ୍-ଖଣ୍ଡ (S-block) ଅନ୍ତର୍ଗତ ଅଟେ ।[୫]

ଧର୍ମ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଭୌତିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ରସାୟନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ନ୍ୟୁକ୍ଲିୟ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଇତିହାସ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆବିଷ୍କାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉପସ୍ଥିତି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉତ୍ପାଦନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବ୍ୟବହାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଟୀକା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. The symbol Na for sodium is derived from its Latin name, natrium; this is still the name for the element in some languages, such as German and Russian. In early English texts, the symbol So for the English name sodium is sometimes seen; this is wholly obsolete.
  2. The symbol K for potassium is derived from its Latin name, kalium; this is still the name for the element in some languages, such as German and Russian. In early English texts, the symbol Po for the English name potassium is sometimes seen; this is wholly obsolete, and presently would collide with the symbol for polonium (also Po).
  3. Caesium is the spelling recommended by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).[୧] The American Chemical Society (ACS) has used the spelling cesium since 1921,[୨][୩] following Webster’s Third New International Dictionary.

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (2005). Nomenclature of Inorganic Chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 2005). Cambridge (UK): RSCIUPAC. ISBN 0-85404-438-8. pp. 248–49. Electronic version..
  2. Coghill, Anne M.; Garson, Lorrin R., eds (2006). The ACS Style Guide: Effective Communication of Scientific Information (3rd ed.). Washington, D.C.: American Chemical Society. ପୃଷ୍ଠା. 127. ISBN 0-8412-3999-1. .
  3. Coplen, T. B.; Peiser, H. S. (1998). "History of the recommended atomic-weight values from 1882 to 1997: a comparison of differences from current values to the estimated uncertainties of earlier values". Pure Appl. Chem. 70 (1): 237–257. doi:10.1351/pac199870010237. http://old.iupac.org/reports/1998/7001coplen/history.pdf. .
  4. International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (2005). Nomenclature of Inorganic Chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 2005). Cambridge (UK): RSCIUPAC. ISBN 0-85404-438-8. pp. 51. Electronic version..
  5. Leach, Mark R. (1999–2012). "The Internet Database of Periodic Tables". meta-synthesis.com. http://www.meta-synthesis.com/webbook/35_pt/pt_database.php?Button=1900-1949+Formulations. Retrieved 20 May 2012. 

ଆହୁରି ପଢନ୍ତୁ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • Bauer, Brent A., Robert Houlihan, Michael J. Ackerman, Katya Johnson, and Himeshkumar Vyas (2006). "Acquired Long QT Syndrome Secondary to Cesium Chloride Supplement". Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 12 (10): 1011–1014. doi:10.1089/acm.2006.12.1011. PMID 17212573. 
  • Campbell, Linda M., Aaron T. Fisk, Xianowa Wang, Gunter Kock, and Derek C. Muir (2005). "Evidence for Biomagnification of Rubidium in Freshwater and Marine Food Webs". Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 62 (5): 1161–1167. doi:10.1139/f05-027. 
  • Chang, Cheng-Hung, and Tian Y. Tsong (2005). "Stochastic Resonance of Na, K-Ion Pumps on the Red Cell Membrane". AIP Conference Proceedings: 18th International Conference on Noise and Fluctuations. 780. American Institute of Physics. pp. 587–590. doi:10.1063/1.2036821. ISBN 0-7354-0267-1. 
  • Erermis, Serpil, Muge Tamar, Hatice Karasoy, Tezan Bildik, Eyup S. Ercan, and Ahmet Gockay (1997). "Double-Blind Randomised Trial of Modest Salt Restriction in Older People". Lancet 350 (9081): 850–854. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(97)02264-2. PMID 9310603. 
  • Joffe, Russell T., Stephen T. Sokolov and Anthony J. Levitt (2006). "Lithium and Triiodothyronine Augmentation of Antidepressants". Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 51 (12): 791–3. PMID 17168254. 
  • Krachler, M, and E Rossipal (1999). "Trace Elements Transfer From Mother to the Newborn – Investigations on Triplets of Colostrum, Maternal and Umbilical Sera". European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 53 (6): 486–494. doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1600781. PMID 10403586. 
  • Stein, Benjamin P., Stephen G. Benka, Phillip F. Schewe, and Bertram Schwarzhild (1996). "Physics Update". Physics Today 49 (6): 9. doi:10.1063/1.2807642. 

ବାହାର ଲିଙ୍କ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ ସାରଣୀ
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ → ୧୦ ୧୧ ୧୨ ୧୩ ୧୪ ୧୫ ୧୬ ୧୭ ୧୮
↓ ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ

H

He

Li

Be

B

C

N

O

F
୧୦
Ne
୧୧
Na
୧୨
Mg
୧୩
Al
୧୪
Si
୧୫
P
୧୬
S
୧୭
Cl
୧୮
Ar
୧୯
K
୨୦
Ca
୨୧
Sc
୨୨
Ti
୨୩
V
୨୪
Cr
୨୫
Mn
୨୬
Fe
୨୭
Co
୨୮
Ni
୨୯
Cu
୩୦
Zn
୩୧
Ga
୩୨
Ge
୩୩
As
୩୪
Se
୩୫
Br
୩୬
Kr
୩୭
Rb
୩୮
Sr
୩୯
Y
୪୦
Zr
୪୧
Nb
୪୨
Mo
୪୩
Tc
୪୪
Ru
୪୫
Rh
୪୬
Pd
୪୭
Ag
୪୮
Cd
୪୯
In
୫୦
Sn
୫୧
Sb
୫୨
Te
୫୩
I
୫୪
Xe
୫୫
Cs
୫୬
Ba
*
୭୨
Hf
୭୩
Ta
୭୪
W
୭୫
Re
୭୬
Os
୭୭
Ir
୭୮
Pt
୭୯
Au
୮୦
Hg
୮୧
Tl
୮୨
Pb
୮୩
Bi
୮୪
Po
୮୫
At
୮୬
Rn
୮୭
Fr
୮୮
Ra
**
୧୦୪
Rf
୧୦୫
Db
୧୦୬
Sg
୧୦୭
Bh
୧୦୮
Hs
୧୦୯
Mt
୧୧୦
Ds
୧୧୧
Rg
୧୧୨
Cn
୧୧୩
Uut
୧୧୪
Fl
୧୧୫
Uup
୧୧୬
Lv
୧୧୭
Uus
୧୧୮
Uuo

ଲାନ୍ଥାନାଇଡ୍ ୫୭
La
୫୮
Ce
୫୯
Pr
୬୦
Nd
୬୧
Pm
୬୨
Sm
୬୩
Eu
୬୪
Gd
୬୫
Tb
୬୬
Dy
୬୭
Ho
୬୮
Er
୬୯
Tm
୭୦
Yb
୭୧
Lu
** ଅକ୍ଟିନାଇଡ୍ ୮୯
Ac
୯୦
Th
୯୧
Pa
୯୨
U
୯୩
Np
୯୪
Pu
୯୫
Am
୯୬
Cm
୯୭
Bk
୯୮
Cf
୯୯
Es
୧୦୦
Fm
୧୦୧
Md
୧୦୨
No
୧୦୩
Lr

ଏହା ଏକ ୧୮ ଟି ସ୍ତମ୍ବ ବିଶିଷ୍ଟ ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ ସାରଣୀର ରୂପରେଖ ଅଟେ, which has come to be referred to as the common or standard form, on account of its popularity. It is also sometimes referred to as the long form, in comparison to the short form or Mendeleev-style, which omits groups 3–12 by placing their elements into the main groups. The wide periodic table incorporates the lanthanides and the actinides, rather than separating them from the main body of the table. The extended periodic table adds the 8th and 9th periods, including the superactinides.

ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କର ରଙ୍ଗ, ପଦାର୍ଥର ଅବସ୍ଥା ଦର୍ଶାଉଛି
(ମାନକ ପରିସ୍ଥିତିରେ: ୦ °C ଏବଂ ୧ atm):
କଳା=କଠିନ ସବୁଜ=ତରଳ ନାଲି=ଗ୍ୟାସୀୟ ଧୂସର=ଅଜଣା
ସୀମାରେଖା, ପ୍ରକୃତିକ ଅବସ୍ଥିତି ଦର୍ଶାଉଛି:
 
Primordial From decay Synthetic